The prostate is part of the male reproductive organ. It’s found below the bladder, just in front of the rectum. It’s a walnut-shaped gland and wraps around the urethra, the tube that urine flows out of. One of its main jobs, along with other organs, is to add fluid to semen. This is the fluid that carries sperm.
According to healthline.com, the prostate gland starts out small and has two main phases of growth. It doubles in size during the teenage years, then continues to grow again after age 25 throughout the rest of a man’s life. An excessively enlarged prostate, the reports says, result in a disease known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Eventually, an enlarged prostate can clamp down on the urethra and restrict the flow of urine from the bladder. This leads to problems such as:
A feeling of incomplete bladder emptying
urinary tract infections
Difficulty starting urination
Urgency to urinate
Getting up frequently at night to urinate
A urinary stream that starts and stops
Straining to urinate
Continued dribbling of urine
Returning to urinate again minutes after finishing
Dr. Yemi Adelana, a herbal therapist, also gives more insight to the functionality of a prostate in men.
“It’s a normal part of aging for most men. By the time a man reaches 40 years of age, his prostate becomes larger. It could have gone from the size of a walnut to the size of an apricot by the time one get to 60 years.”
“The prostate has the tendency to grow to the size of a lemon because it surrounds part of the urethra, and the enlarge prostate can squeeze the tube in the penis and thus cause problem when you try to urinate.”
According to the specialist, some of the symptoms of prostate are weakness or slowness in urinary stream; feelings of incomplete bladder emptying, difficulty starting urination, frequent urination and urgency to urinate; urinary stream that start and stop, split urination, inability to have a strong erection and pain before or after urination. Such problems eludes one until he is 50 years.
He defined prostate hyperplasia or prostate hypertrophy as a chronic disease found in the elderly men and equally a common disease of urology surgery. According to him, when some men gets to 45 years, the prostate generate two trends: some begins to shrink while other tend to hyperplasia, e.g. increase in volume.
He said: “Prostate calcification is a fibrosis; it’s a scar left by the prostate inflammation, a precursor of prostate stones. These stones are often accompanied with chronic prostatitis syndrome, and these lesions can be seen by B-ultrasonic examination. Due to the structural specificity of the prostate, there is generally no better method of treatment for calcification and stone.”
According to Prostatecanceruk.org report, there are three main types of treatment for an enlarged prostate:
1. Lifestyle changes: If your enlarged prostate isn’t causing problems, you may decide to wait and see if your symptoms get worse before having treatment. An enlarged prostate usually develops slowly, and your symptoms may never get any worse.
There are simple changes you can make to your lifestyle that might help your symptoms.
Drink less alcohol, caffeine, artificial sweeteners and fizzy drinks,
drink less in the evening,
empty your bladder before leaving the house,
double voiding – After you urinate, wait a few minutes and then try to go again, check your medicines, eat more fruit and fibre.
Keep a healthy
Absorbent pads or urinary sheaths – Absorbent pads and pants can be worn inside your underwear, or instead of underwear. They soak up any leaks.
2. Medicines: If lifestyle changes don’t control your symptoms, medicines may be an option. Make sure you tell your doctor about any medicines or herbal remedies you already use, in case they interfere with medicines for an enlarged prostate.
3. Surgery: Surgery may be an option if your symptoms don’t improve with lifestyle changes or medicines, or if your symptoms are severe.
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